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Later there are the palaces, triumphal arches, and ceremonial gateways.

It seems incredible that Etruscan capabilities (in architecture and other arts) - so advanced at the time of the rise of Rome - should have disappeared so quickly following the Roman takeover of Italy.

The desire to impress by bigness led to magnificent works of engineering and building.

But the desire to impress by profusion and boastful display led, more often than not, to the decoration of those same works with misused scraps and veneers of Greek architecture and weak imitations of Greek ornamental sculpture.

To this end, they mastered a number of important architectural techniques, including the arch, the dome and the vault, as well as the use of concrete.

Using these methods, Roman engineers designed and built some of the greatest public buildings in the history of architecture, including temples, basilicas, amphitheatres, triumphal arches, monuments, and public baths.

Many aspects of Roman building design were examined by the architect Marcus Vitruvius (active, late 1st century BCE) in his architectural treatise De architectura (c.27 BCE), although it appeared before the most creative phase of Roman construction. Conqueror of Gaul and Carthage, of Greece and Egypt, mistress of the Western world through six centuries, capital of the mighty Caesars, unchallenged home of grandeur, spectacle, and magnificence, splendid with the art plundered from a hundred enslaved peoples, giver of laws and morals and military science to all the West.

And yet this "Eternal City" was artistically inconsequential.

The United States Fish and Wildlife Service has announced that, within a month, it will list two lion subspecies under the Endangered Species Act (ESA), effectively making it next to impossible for sportsmen conducting otherwise legal hunts in Africa and India to bring their trophies home.

Its important to clean your hunting rifle every quarter if you havent used it, and after each trip to the field or range.

In addition, to further reinforce the ideals of the Pax Romana and, above all, maintain efficiency and order, Roman architects designed numerous aqueducts, drainage systems, and bridges, as well as a vast network of roads, while planners developed a series of urban blueprints, based on army camps, to help create new towns from scratch.

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